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Name:Vincasar Pfs
Manufacturer:Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc
Category:Prescription Marketed Drugs


Vincasar PFS® (vincristine sulfate Injection, USP)

VINCASAR PFS - vincristine sulfate injection 
Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc

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Vincasar PFS®
(vincristine sulfate Injection, USP)

Package Insert
Rx only

PRESERVATIVE FREE SOLUTION

WARNINGS

VINCASAR PFS Injection should be administered by individuals experienced in the administration of vincristine sulfate.

Caution— It is extremely important that the intravenous needle or catheter be properly positioned before any vincristine is injected. Leakage into surrounding tissue during intravenous administration of VINCASAR PFS may cause considerable irritation. If extravasation occurs, the injection should be discontinued immediately, and any remaining portion of the dose should then be introduced into another vein. Local injection of hyaluronidase and the application of moderate heat to the area of leakage help disperse the drug and are thought to minimize discomfort and the possibility of cellulitis.

FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY.

See WARNINGS section for the treatment of patients given intrathecal VINCASAR PFS.

DESCRIPTION

VINCASAR PFS (vincristine sulfate injection, USP) is vincaleukoblastine, 22-oxo-, sulfate (1:1) (salt). It is the salt of an alkaloid obtained from a common flowering herb, the periwinkle plant (Vinca rosea Linn.). Originally known as leurocristine, it has also been referred to as LCR and VCR. The empirical formula for vincristine sulfate is C46H56N4O10•H2SO4. It has a molecular weight of 923.04. The structural formula is as follows:

Chemical Structure

Vincristine sulfate is a white to off-white powder. It is soluble in methanol, freely soluble in water, but only slightly soluble in 95% ethanol.

VINCASAR PFS®, a sterile, preservative-free, single use only solution, is available in 1 mg (1 mg/1 mL) and 2 mg (2 mg/2 mL) vials. Each mL contains vincristine sulfate, 1 mg (1.08 µmol); mannitol, 100 mg; and water for injection, qs. Acetic acid and sodium acetate have been added for pH control. The pH of VINCASAR PFS ranges from 3.5 to 5.5. This product is a sterile solution for cancer/oncolytic use.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

The mechanisms of action of vincristine sulfate remain under investigation.1 The mechanism of action of vincristine sulfate has been related to the inhibition of microtubule formation in the mitotic spindle, resulting in an arrest of dividing cells at the metaphase stage.

Central nervous system leukemia has been reported in patients undergoing otherwise successful therapy with vincristine sulfate. This suggests that vincristine sulfate does not penetrate well into the cerebrospinal fluid.

Pharmacokinetic studies in patients with cancer have shown a triphasic serum decay pattern following rapid intravenous injection. The initial, middle, and terminal half-lives are 5 minutes, 2.3 hours, and 85 hours respectively; however, the range of the terminal half-life in humans is from 19 to 155 hours. The liver is the major excretory organ in humans and animals. The metabolism of vinca alkaloids has been shown to be mediated by hepatic cytochrome P450 isoenzymes in the CYP 3A subfamily. This metabolic pathway may be impaired in patients with hepatic dysfunction or who are taking concomitant potent inhibitors of these isoenzymes. (See PRECAUTIONS.) About 80% of an injected dose of vincristine sulfate appears in the feces and 10% to 20% can be found in the urine. Within 15 to 30 minutes after injection, over 90% of the drug is distributed from the blood into tissue, where it remains tightly, but not irreversibly, bound.2

Current principles of cancer chemotherapy involve the simultaneous use of several agents. Generally, each agent used has a unique toxicity and mechanism of action so that therapeutic enhancement occurs without additive toxicity. It is rarely possible to achieve equally good results with single-agent methods of treatment. Thus, vincristine sulfate is often chosen as part of polychemotherapy because of lack of significant bone-marrow suppression (at recommended doses) and of unique clinical toxicity (neuropathy). See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION for possible increased toxicity when used in combination therapy.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

VINCASAR PFS is indicated in acute leukemia.

VINCASAR PFS has also been shown to be useful in combination with other oncolytic agents in Hodgkin's disease3, non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphomas4–6 (lymphocytic, mixed-cell, histiocytic, undifferentiated, nodular, and diffuse types), rhabdomyosarcoma7, neuroblastoma8, and Wilms' tumor.9

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Patients with the demyelinating form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome should not be given VINCASAR PFS. Careful attention should be given to those conditions listed under

WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS.

WARNINGS

This preparation is for intravenous use only. VINCASAR PFS Injection should be administered by individuals experienced in the administration of vincristine sulfate. The intrathecal administration of vincristine sulfate usually results in death. Syringes containing this product should be labeled using the auxiliary sticker provided, to state "FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY".

Extemporaneously prepared syringes containing this product must be packaged in an overwrap which is labeled "DO NOT REMOVE COVERING UNTIL MOMENT OF INJECTION. FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY."

Treatment of patients following intrathecal administration of VINCASAR PFS has included immediate removal of spinal fluid and flushing with Lactated Ringer's, as well as other solutions and has not prevented ascending paralysis and death. In one case, progressive paralysis in an adult was arrested by the following treatment initiated immediately after the intrathecal injection:

  1. As much spinal fluid was removed as could be safely done through lumbar access.
  2. The subarachnoid space was flushed with Lactated Ringer's solution infused continuously through a catheter in a cerebral lateral ventricle at the rate of 150 mL/h. The fluid was removed through a lumbar access.
  3. As soon as fresh frozen plasma became available, the fresh frozen plasma, 25 mL, diluted in 1 L of Lactated Ringer's solution was infused through the cerebral ventricular catheter at the rate of 75 mL/h with removal through the lumbar access. The rate of infusion was adjusted to maintain a protein level in the spinal fluid of 150 mg/dL.
  4. Glutamic acid, 10 g, was given intravenously over 24 hours followed by 500 mg 3 times daily by mouth for 1 month or until neurological dysfunction stabilized. The role of glutamic acid in this treatment is not certain and may not be essential.

Pregnancy Category D

Vincristine sulfate can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. When pregnant mice and hamsters were given doses of vincristine sulfate that caused the resorption of 23% to 85% of fetuses, fetal malformations were produced in those that survived. Five monkeys were given single doses of vincristine sulfate between days 27 and 34 of their pregnancies; 3 of the fetuses were normal at term, and 2 viable fetuses had grossly evident malformations at term10. In several animal species, vincristine sulfate can induce teratogenesis as well as embryo death at doses that are nontoxic to the pregnant animal. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while receiving this drug, she should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Acute uric acid nephropathy, which may occur after the administration of oncolytic agents, has also been reported with vincristine sulfate. In the presence of leukopenia or a complicating infection, administration of the next dose of VINCASAR PFS warrants careful consideration.

If central nervous system leukemia is diagnosed, additional agents may be required because vincristine sulfate does not appear to cross the blood-brain barrier in adequate amounts.

Particular attention should be given to dosage and neurologic side effects if VINCASAR PFS is administered to patients with preexisting neuromuscular disease and when other drugs with neurotoxic potential are also being used.

Acute shortness of breath and severe bronchospasm have been reported following the administration of vinca alkaloids. These reactions have been encountered most frequently when the vinca alkaloid was used in combination with mitomycin C and may require aggressive treatment, particularly when there is preexisting pulmonary dysfunction. The onset of these reactions may occur minutes to several hours after the vinca alkaloid is injected and may occur up to 2 weeks following the dose of mitomycin. Progressive dyspnea requiring chronic therapy may occur. VINCASAR PFS should not be readministered.

Care must be taken to avoid contamination of the eye with concentrations of VINCASAR PFS used clinically. If accidental contamination occurs, severe irritation (or, if the drug was delivered under pressure, even corneal ulceration) may result. The eye should be washed immediately and thoroughly.

Laboratory Tests

Because dose-limiting clinical toxicity is manifested as neurotoxicity, clinical evaluation (eg, history, physical examination) is necessary to detect the need for dosage modification. Following administration of VINCASAR PFS, some individuals may have a fall in the white-blood-cell count or platelet count, particularly when previous therapy or the disease itself has reduced bone-marrow function. Therefore, a complete blood count should be done before administration of each dose. Acute elevation of serum uric acid may also occur during induction of remission in acute leukemia; thus, such levels should be determined frequently during the first 3 to 4 weeks of treatment or appropriate measures taken to prevent uric acid nephropathy. The laboratory performing these tests should be consulted for its range of normal values.

Drug Interaction

The simultaneous oral or intravenous administration of phenytoin and antineoplastic chemotherapy combinations that included vincristine sulfate has been reported to reduce blood levels of the anticonvulsant and to increase seizure activity.11 Dosage adjustment should be based on serial blood level monitoring. The contribution of vincristine sulfate to this interaction is not certain. The interaction may result from reduced absorption of phenytoin and an increase in the rate of its metabolism and elimination.

Caution should be exercised in patients concurrently taking drugs known to inhibit drug metabolism by hepatic cytochrome P450 isoenzymes in the CYP 3A subfamily, or in patients with hepatic dysfunction. Concurrent administration of vincristine sulfate with itraconazole (a known CYP 3A enzyme) has been reported to cause an earlier onset and/or an increased severity of neuromuscular side effects. (See ADVERSE REACTIONS.) This interaction is presumed to be related to inhibition of the metabolism of vincristine.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Neither in vivo nor in vitro laboratory tests have conclusively demonstrated the mutagenicity of this product.10 Fertility following treatment with vincristine sulfate alone for malignant disease has not been studied in humans. Clinical reports of both male and female patients who received multiple-agent chemotherapy that included vincristine sulfate indicate that azoospermia and amenorrhea can occur in postpubertal patients. Recovery occurred many months after completion of chemotherapy in some but not all patients. When the same treatment is administered to prepubertal patients, permanent azoospermia and amenorrhea are much less likely.12–18

Patients who received chemotherapy with vincristine sulfate in combination with anticancer drugs known to be carcinogenic have developed second malignancies. The contributing role of vincristine sulfate in this development has not been determined. No evidence of carcinogenicity was found following intraperitoneal administration of vincristine sulfate in rats and mice, although this study was limited.10

USAGE IN PREGNANCY

Pregnancy Category D

See WARNINGS.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions due to vincristine sulfate in nursing infants, a decision should be made either to discontinue nursing or the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Prior to the use of this drug, patients and/or their parents/guardian should be advised of the possibility of untoward symptoms.

In general, adverse reactions are reversible and are related to dosage. The most common adverse reaction is hair loss; the most troublesome adverse reactions are neuromuscular in origin.

When single, weekly doses of the drug are employed, the adverse reactions of leukopenia, neuritic pain, and constipation occur but are usually of short duration (ie, less than 7 days). When the dosage is reduced, these reactions may lessen or disappear. The severity of such reactions seems to increase when the calculated amount of drug is given in divided doses. Other adverse reactions, such as hair loss, sensory loss, paresthesia, difficulty in walking, slapping gait, loss of deep-tendon reflexes, and muscle wasting, may persist for at least as long as therapy is continued. Generalized sensorimotor dysfunction may become progressively more severe with continued treatment. Although most such symptoms usually disappear by about the sixth week after discontinuance of treatment, some neuromuscular difficulties may persist for prolonged periods in some patients. Regrowth of hair may occur while maintenance therapy continues.

The following adverse reactions have been reported

Hypersensitivity

Rare cases of allergic-type reactions, such as anaphylaxis, rash, and edema, that are temporally related to vincristine therapy have been reported in patients receiving vincristine as a part of multidrug chemotherapy regimens.

Gastrointestinal

Constipation, abdominal cramps, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, oral ulceration, diarrhea, paralytic ileus, intestinal necrosis and/or perforation, and anorexia have occurred. Constipation may take the form of upper-colon impaction, and, on physical examination, the rectum may be empty. Colicky abdominal pain coupled with an empty rectum may mislead the physician. A flat film of the abdomen is useful in demonstrating this condition. All cases have responded to high enemas and laxatives. A routine prophylactic regimen against constipation is recommended for all patients receiving VINCASAR PFS.

Paralytic ileus (which mimics the "surgical abdomen") may occur, particularly in young pediatric patients. The ileus will reverse itself with temporary discontinuance of VINCASAR PFS and with symptomatic care.

Genitourinary

Polyuria, dysuria, and urinary retention due to bladder atony have occurred. Other drugs known to cause urinary retention (particularly in the elderly) should, if possible, be discontinued for the first few days following administration of VINCASAR PFS.

Cardiovascular

Hypertension and hypotension have occurred. Chemotherapy combinations that have included vincristine sulfate, when given to patients previously treated with mediastinal radiation, have been associated with coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. Causality has not been established.

Neurologic

Frequently, there is a sequence to the development of neuromuscular side effects. Initially, only sensory impairment and paresthesia may be encountered. With continued treatment, neuritic pain and, later, motor difficulties may occur. There have been no reports of any agent that can reverse the neuromuscular manifestations that may accompany therapy with vincristine sulfate.

Loss of deep-tendon reflexes, foot drop, ataxia, and paralysis have been reported with continued administration. Cranial nerve manifestations, such as isolated paresis and/or paralysis of muscles controlled by cranial motor nerves including potentially life-threatening bilateral vocal cord paralysis, may occur in the absence of motor impairment elsewhere; extraocular and laryngeal muscles are those most commonly involved. Jaw pain, pharyngeal pain, parotid gland pain, bone pain, back pain, limb pain, and myalgias have been reported; pain in these areas may be severe. Convulsions, frequently with hypertension, have been reported in a few patients receiving vincristine sulfate. Several instances of convulsions followed by coma have been reported in pediatric patients. Transient cortical blindness and optic atrophy with blindness have been reported. Treatment with vinca alkaloids has resulted rarely in both vestibular and auditory damage to the eighth cranial nerve. Manifestations include partial or total deafness which may be temporary or permanent, and difficulties with balance including dizziness, nystagmus, and vertigo. Particular caution is warranted when vincristine sulfate is used in combination with other agents known to be ototoxic such as the platinum-containing oncolytics.

Pulmonary

See PRECAUTIONS.

Endocrine

Rare occurrences of a syndrome attributable to inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion have been observed in patients treated with vincristine sulfate. This syndrome is characterized by high urinary sodium excretion in the presence of hyponatremia; renal or adrenal disease, hypotension, dehydration, azotemia, and clinical edema are absent. With fluid deprivation, improvement occurs in the hyponatremia and in the renal loss of sodium.

Hematologic

VINCASAR PFS does not appear to have any constant or significant effect on platelets or red blood cells. Serious bone-marrow depression is usually not a major dose-limiting event. However, anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia have been reported. Thrombocytopenia, if present when therapy with VINCASAR PFS is begun, may actually improve before the appearance of marrow remission.

Skin

Alopecia and rash have been reported.

Other

Fever and headache have occurred.

OVERDOSAGE

Side effects following the use of VINCASAR PFS are dose related. In pediatric patients under 13 years of age, death has occurred following doses of vincristine sulfate that were 10 times those recommended for therapy. Severe symptoms may occur in this patient group following dosages of 3 to 4 mg/m2. Adults can be expected to experience severe symptoms after single doses of 3 mg/m2 or more. (See ADVERSE REACTIONS.) Therefore, following administration of doses higher than those recommended, patients can be expected to experience exaggerated side effects. Supportive care should include the following: (1) prevention of side effects resulting from the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (preventive treatment would include restriction of fluid intake and perhaps the administration of a diuretic affecting the function of Henle's loop and the distal tubule); (2) administration of anticonvulsants; (3) use of enemas or cathartics to prevent ileus (in some instances, decompression of the gastrointestinal tract may be necessary); (4) monitoring the cardiovascular system; and (5) determining daily blood counts for guidance in transfusion requirements.

Folinic acid has been observed to have a protective effect in normal mice that were administered lethal doses of vincristine sulfate (Cancer Res 1963; 23:1390.) Isolated case reports suggest that folinic acid may be helpful in treating humans who have received an overdose of vincristine sulfate. It is suggested that 100 mg of folinic acid be administered intravenously every 3 hours for 24 hours and then every 6 hours for at least 48 hours. Theoretically (based on pharmacokinetic data), tissue levels of vincristine sulfate can be expected to remain significantly elevated for at least 72 hours. Treatment with folinic acid does not eliminate the need for the above-mentioned supportive measures.

Most of an intravenous dose of vincristine sulfate is excreted into the bile after rapid tissue binding. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY.) Because only very small amounts of the drug appear in dialysate, hemodialysis is not likely to be helpful in cases of overdosage. An increase in the severity of side effects may be experienced by patients with liver disease that is severe enough to decrease biliary excretion.

Enhanced fecal excretion of parenterally administered vincristine has been demonstrated in dogs pretreated with cholestyramine. There are no published clinical data on the use of cholestyramine as an antidote in humans.

There are no published clinical data on the consequences of oral ingestion of vincristine. Should oral ingestion occur, the stomach should be evacuated. Evacuation should be followed by oral administration of activated charcoal and a cathartic.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

This preparation is for intravenous use only. (See WARNINGS.) Neurotoxicity appears to be dose related. Extreme care must be used in calculating and administering the dose of VINCASAR PFS, since overdosage may have a very serious or fatal outcome.

Special Dispensing Information

WHEN DISPENSING VINCRISTINE IN OTHER THAN THE ORIGINAL CONTAINER, IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT IT BE PACKAGED IN THE PROVIDED OVERWRAP WHICH BEARS THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT: "DO NOT REMOVE COVERING UNTIL MOMENT OF INJECTION. FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY." (See WARNINGS.) A syringe containing a specific dose must be labeled, using the auxiliary sticker provided, to state: "FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY. FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY."

The concentration of vincristine sulfate contained in all vials is 1 mg/mL. Do not add extra fluid to the vial prior to removal of the dose. Withdraw the solution of VINCASAR PFS into an accurate dry syringe, measuring the dose carefully. Do not add extra fluid to the vial in an attempt to empty it completely.

CAUTION

It is extremely important that the intravenous needle or catheter be properly positioned before any vincristine is injected. Leakage into surrounding tissue during intravenous administration of VINCASAR PFS may cause considerable irritation. If extravasation occurs, the injection should be discontinued immediately and any remaining portion of the dose should then be introduced into another vein. Local injection of hyaluronidase and the application of moderate heat to the area of leakage will help disperse the drug and may minimize discomfort and the possibility of cellulitis.

VINCASAR PFS must be administered via an intact, free-flowing intravenous needle or catheter. Care should be taken that there is no leakage or swelling occurring during administration. (See boxed WARNINGS.)

The solution may be injected either directly into a vein or into the tubing of a running intravenous infusion. (See Drug Interactions below.) Injection of VINCASAR PFS should be accomplished within 1 minute.

The drug is administered intravenously at weekly intervals.

The usual dose of VINCASAR PFS for pediatric patients is 2 mg/m2. For pediatric patients weighing 10 kg or less, the starting dose should be 0.05 mg/kg, administered once a week. The usual dose of VINCASAR PFS for adults is 1.4 mg/m2. A 50% reduction in the dose of VINCASAR PFS is recommended for patients having a direct serum bilirubin value above 3 mg/100 mL.19

VINCASAR PFS should not be given to patients while they are receiving radiation therapy through ports that include the liver. When VINCASAR PFS is used in combination with L-asparaginase, VINCASAR PFS should be given 12 to 24 hours before administration of the enzyme in order to minimize toxicity; administering L-asparaginase before VINCASAR PFS may reduce hepatic clearance of VINCASAR PFS.

Drug Interactions

VINCASAR PFS should not be diluted in solutions that raise or lower the pH outside the range of 3.5 to 5.5. It should not be mixed with anything other than normal saline or glucose in water.

Whenever solution and container permit, parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.

Procedures for proper handling and disposal of anticancer drugs should be considered. Several guidelines on this subject have been published.20–26 There is no general agreement that all of the procedures recommended in the guidelines are necessary or appropriate.

HOW SUPPLIED

VINCASAR PFS (vincristine sulfate injection, USP) is preservative free and is supplied as follows:

NDC Number VINCASAR PFS (vincristine sulfate injection, USP) Volume
0703-4402-11 1 mg/mL 1 mL
0703-4412-11 1 mg/mL 2 mL

This product should be refrigerated. Protect from light and retain in carton until time of use.

REFERENCES

  1. Watanabe K, West WL: Calmodulin, activated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, microtubules, and vinca alkaloids, Fed Proc 1982;41:2292.
  2. Nelson RL: The comparative clinical pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of vindesine, vincristine, and vinblastine in human patients with cancer. Med Pediatr Oncol 1982; 10:115.
  3. DeVita VT Jr, Serpick AA, Carbone PP: Combination chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced Hodgkin's disease. Ann Intern Med 1970;73:881.
  4. Bagley CM Jr, DeVita VT Jr, Berard CW, et al: Advanced lymphosarcoma: Intensive cyclical chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone. Ann Intern Med 1972;76:227.
  5. Lowenbraun S, DeVita VT, Serpick AA: Combination chemotherapy with nitrogen mustard, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone in lymphosarcoma and reticulum cell sarcoma. Cancer 1970;25:1018.
  6. Luce JK, Gamble JF, Wilson HE, et al: Combined cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone therapy of malignant lymphoma. Cancer 1971;28:306.
  7. Wilbur JR, Sutow WW, Sullivan MP, et al: Successful treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma with combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Am Soc Clin Oncology April 7, 1971.
  8. Sullivan MP, Nora AH, Kulapongs P, et al: Evaluation of vincristine sulfate and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy for metastatic neuroblastoma. Pediatrics 1969;44:685.
  9. Vietti TJ, Sullivan MP, Haggard ME, et al; Vincristine sulfate and radiation therapy in metastatic Wilms' tumor. Cancer 1970;25:12.
  10. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monograph on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans, suppl 4, October 1982.
  11. Grossman SA, Sheidler VR, Gilbert MR: Decreased phenytoin levels in patients receiving chemotherapy. Am J Med 1989;87:505.
  12. Roeser HP, Stocks AE, Smith AJ: Testicular damage due to cytotoxic drugs and recovery after cessation of therapy. Aust NZ J Med 1978;8:250.
  13. Chapman R, Sutcliffe SB, Malpas JS: Male gonadal dysfunction in Hodgkin's disease. JAMA 1981;245:1323.
  14. Sherins RJ, DeVita VT: Effect of drug treatment for lymphoma on male reproductive capacity. Ann Intern Med 1981;79:216.
  15. DeVita VT: The consequences of the chemotherapy of Hodgkin's disease. Cancer 1981;47:1.
  16. Horning SJ, Hoppe RT, Kaplan HS, et al: Female reproductive potential after treatment for Hodgkin's disease. N Engl J Med 1981;304:1377.
  17. Blatt J, Poplack DG, Sherins RJ: Testicular function in boys after chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. N Engl J Med 1981;304:1121.
  18. Siris ES, Leventhal BG, Vaitukaitis JL: Effects of childhood leukemia and chemotherapy on puberty and reproductive function in girls. N Engl J Med 1976;294:1143.
  19. DeVita VT Jr, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA (eds): Cancer, Principles and Practice of Oncology, ed 2. Philadelphia. J.B. Lippincott Co., 1985.
  20. Recommendations for the Safe Handling of Parenteral Antineoplastic Drugs. NIH Publication No. 83-2621. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
  21. AMA Council Report, Guidelines for Handling Parenteral Antineoplastics, JAMA. 1985; 253 (11): 1590–1592.
  22. National Study Commission on Cytotoxic Exposure— Recommendations for Handling Cytotoxic Agents. Available from Louis P. Jeffrey, Sc.D., Chairman, National Study Commission on Cytotoxic Exposure, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Sciences, 179 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.
  23. Clinical Oncological Society of Australia. Guidelines and Recommendations for Safe Handling of Antineoplastic Agents. Med J Australia. 1983; 1:426–428.
  24. Jones RB, et al: Safe Handling of Chemotherapeutic Agents: A Report from the Mount Sinai Medical Center. CA—A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 1983; (Sept/Oct) 258–263.
  25. American Society of Hospital Pharmacists Technical Assistance Bulletin on Handling Cytotoxic and Hazardous Drugs. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990; 47:1033–1049.
  26. OSHA Work-Practice Guidelines for Personnel Dealing with Cytotoxic (Antineoplastic) Drugs. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1986; 43:1193–1204.

Issued: September 2009
Manufactured by:
Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc.
Irvine, CA 92618

Y36-X10-212

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1 mg/mL Vial Label

TEVA

NDC 0703-4402-11
Rx only

Vincasar PFS®
(vincristine sulfate
injection, USP)
PRESERVATIVE FREE SOLUTION

1 mg/mL

FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY
FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY

Single Dose Vial

REFRIGERATE

Protect From Light

Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc.
Irvine, CA 92618

1

Y10208

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1 mg/mL Vial Label

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 mg/2 mL Vial Label

TEVA

NDC 0703-4412-11
Rx only

Vincasar PFS®
(vincristine sulfate
injection, USP)
PRESERVATIVE FREE SOLUTION

2 mg/2 mL

FATAL IF GIVEN INTRATHECALLY
FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY

Single Dose Vial

REFRIGERATE

Protect From Light

Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc.
Irvine, CA 92618

2

Y10210

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 mg/2 mL Vial Label

VINCASAR PFS 
vincristine sulfate injection
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0703-4402
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
vincristine sulfate (VINCRISTINE) vincristine sulfate 1 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
mannitol  
water  
Acetic acid  
sodium acetate  
Product Characteristics
Color      Score     
Shape Size
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 NDC:0703-4402-11 1 VIAL ( VIAL) in 1 CARTON contains a VIAL
1 1 mL in 1 VIAL This package is contained within the CARTON (0703-4402-11)

Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA075493 09/01/1999

VINCASAR PFS 
vincristine sulfate injection
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0703-4412
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
vincristine sulfate (VINCRISTINE) vincristine sulfate 1 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
mannitol  
water  
Acetic acid  
sodium acetate  
Product Characteristics
Color      Score     
Shape Size
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 NDC:0703-4412-11 1 VIAL ( VIAL) in 1 CARTON contains a VIAL
1 2 mL in 1 VIAL This package is contained within the CARTON (0703-4412-11)

Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA075493 09/01/1999

Labeler - Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc (794362533)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc 794362533 MANUFACTURE

Revised: 09/2010 Teva Parenteral Medicines, Inc



Source: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine


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