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----------Sterile Water For Injection, USP Single Dose Vial
This preparation is designed solely for parenteral use only after addition of drugs that require dilution or must be dissolved in an aqueous vehicle prior to injection.
Sterile Water for Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic preparation of water for injection which contains no bacteriostat, antimicrobial agent or added buffer and is supplied only in single-dose containers to dilute or dissolve drugs for injection. For I.V. injection, add sufficient solute to make an approximately isotonic solution.
Water for Injection, USP is chemically designated H2O.
The semi-rigid vial is fabricated from a specially formulated polyolefin. It is a copolymer of ethylene andpropylene. The safety of the plastic has been confirmed by tests in animals according to USP biological standards for plastic containers. The container requires no vapor barrier to maintain the proper labeled volume.
The plastic syringe is molded from a specially formulated polypropylene. Solutions in contact with the plastic container may leach out certain chemical components from the plastic in very small amounts; however, biological testing was supportive of the safety of the syringe material.
Water is an essential constituent of all body tissues and accounts for approximately 70% of total body weight. Average normal adult daily requirement ranges from two to three liters (1.0 to 1.5 liters each for insensible water loss by perspiration and urine production).
Water balance is maintained by various regulatory mechanisms. Water for distribution depends primarily on the concentration of electrolytes in the body compartments and sodium (Na+) plays a major role in maintaining physiologic equilibrium.
The small volume of fluid provided by Sterile Water for Injection, USP when used only as a pharmaceutic aid for diluting or dissolving drugs for parenteral injection, is unlikely to exert a significant effect on fluid balance except possibly in neonates or very small infants.
Indications and Usage
This parenteral preparation is indicated only for diluting or dissolving drugs for intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous injection, according to instructions of the manufacturer of the drug to be administered.
Sterile Water for Injection, USP must be made approximately isotonic prior to use.
Intravenous administration of Sterile Water for Injection without a solute may result in hemolysis.
Do not use for intravenous injection unless the osmolar concentration of additives results in an approximate isotonic admixture.
Consult the manufacturer's instructions for choice of vehicle, appropriate dilution or volume for dissolving the drugs to be injected, including the route and rate of injection.
Inspect reconstituted (diluted or dissolved) drugs for clarity (if soluble) and freedom from unexpected precipitation or discoloration prior to administration.
Pregnancy Category C.
Reactions which may occur because of this solution, added drugs or the technique of reconstitution or administration include febrile response, local tenderness, abscess, tissue necrosis or infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection and extravasation.
If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate countermeasures, and if possible, retrieve and save the remainder of the unused vehicle for examination.
Use only as a diluent or solvent. This parenteral preparation is unlikely to pose a threat of fluid overload except possibly in neonates or very small infants. In the event these should occur, re-evaluate the patient and institute appropriate corrective measures. See WARNINGS, PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS.
Dosage and Administration
The volume of the preparation to be used for diluting or dissolving any drug for injection is dependent on the vehicle concentration, dose and route of administration as recommended by the manufacturer.
This parenteral should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
Sterile Water for Injection, USP is supplied in the following:
List No. Container Size
For use with the LifeShield® Blunt Cannula:
4887 LifeShield Plastic Fliptop Vial 10 mL
Store at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]
©Hospira 2005 EN-0812 Printed in USA
HOSPIRA, INC., LAKE FOREST, IL 60045 USA
GIV NDC No.
52584-887-10 Sterile Water 10 mL Single Dose Vial
Revised: 01/2011 General Injectables & Vaccines, Inc
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine
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