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Name:Sodium Lactate
Manufacturer:Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Category:Prescription Marketed Drugs


Sodium Lactate Injection, USP (M/6 Sodium Lactate)in VIAFLEX Plastic Container

SODIUM LACTATE - sodium lactate injection, solution 
Baxter Healthcare Corporation

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Sodium Lactate Injection, USP (M/6 Sodium Lactate)
in VIAFLEX Plastic Container

DESCRIPTION

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP (M/6 Sodium Lactate) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment and caloric supply in a single dose container for intravenous administration. It contains no antimicrobial agents. The pH may have been adjusted with lactic acid. Composition, osmolarity, pH, ionic concentration and caloric content are shown in Table 1.

*
Normal physiologic osmolarity range is approximately 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. Administration of substantially hypertonic solutions (≥ 600 mOsmol/L) may cause vein damage.
Table 1
  Size (mL) Composition (g/L) *Osmolarity (mOsmol/L) (calc) pH Ionic Concentration (mEq/L) Caloric Content (kcal/L)
Sodium Lactate(C3H5NaO3) Sodium Lactate
Sodium Lactate Injection, USP (M/6 Sodium Lactate) 500 18.7 334 6.5
(6.0 to 7.3)
167 167 54
1000

The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological tests for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP has value as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP produces a metabolic alkalinizing effect. Lactate ions are metabolized ultimately to carbon dioxide and water, which requires the consumption of hydrogen cations.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP is indicated as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories or as an alkalinizing agent.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None known

WARNINGS

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP should be used with great care in patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis. The administration of lactate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.

The intravenous administration of these injections can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection.

Excessive administration of Sodium Lactate Injection, USP may result in significant hypokalemia.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of Sodium Lactate Injection, USP may result in sodium retention.

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP is not for use in the treatment of lactic acidosis.

PRECAUTIONS

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

Caution must be exercised in the administration of these injections to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Sodium Lactate Injection, USP. It is also not known whether Sodium Lactate Injection, USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Sodium Lactate Injection, USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of Sodium Lactate Injection, USP in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of sodium lactate solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Studies with Sodium Lactate Injection, USP have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Sodium Lactate Injection, USP is administered to a nursing mother.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Sodium Lactate Injection, USP did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or drug therapy.

Do not administer unless solution is clear and seal is intact.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

As directed by a physician. Dosage is dependent upon the age, weight and clinical condition of the patient as well as laboratory determinations.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Use of a final filter is recommended during administration of all parenteral solutions, where possible.

All injections in VIAFLEX plastic containers are intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment.

Additives may be incompatible. Complete information is not available. Those additives known to be incompatible should not be used. Consult with pharmacist, if available. If, in the informed judgment of the physician, it is deemed advisable to introduce additives, use aseptic technique. Mix thoroughly when additives have been introduced. Do not store solutions containing additives.

HOW SUPPLIED

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP (M/6 Sodium Lactate) in VIAFLEX plastic container is available as follows:

Code Size (mL) NDC
2B1803 500 0338-0129-03
2B1804 1000 0338-0129-04

Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended the product be stored at room temperature (25ºC); brief exposure up to 40ºC does not adversely affect the product.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF VIAFLEX PLASTIC CONTAINER

Warning: Do not use plastic containers in series connections. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from the primary container before administration of the fluid from the secondary container is completed.

To Open

Tear overwrap down side at slit and remove solution container. Some opacity of the plastic due to moisture absorption during the sterilization process may be observed. This is normal and does not affect the solution quality or safety. The opacity will diminish gradually. Check for minute leaks by squeezing inner bag firmly. If leaks are found, discard solution as sterility may be impaired. If supplemental medication is desired, follow directions below.

Preparation for Administration

  1. Suspend container from eyelet support.
  2. Remove plastic protector from outlet port at bottom of container.
  3. Attach administration set. Refer to complete directions accompanying set.

To Add Medication

Warning: Additives may be incompatible.

To add medication before solution administration

  1. Prepare medication site.
  2. Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.
  3. Mix solution and medication thoroughly. For high density medication such as potassium chloride, squeeze ports while ports are upright and mix thoroughly.

To add medication during solution administration

  1. Close clamp on the set.
  2. Prepare medication site.
  3. Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.
  4. Remove container from IV pole and/or turn to an upright position.
  5. Evacuate both ports by squeezing them while container is in the upright position.
  6. Mix solution and medication thoroughly.
  7. Return container to in use position and continue administration.

Baxter Healthcare Corporation

Deerfield, IL 60015 USA

Printed in USA

*Bar Code Position Only

071939581

©Copyright 1982, 1983, 1989, 1995, Baxter Healthcare Corporation.

All rights reserved.

7-19-39-581

BAXTER, VIAFLEX, and PL 146 are trademarks of

Baxter International Inc.


SODIUM LACTATE 
sodium lactate injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0338-0129
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
INGREDIENTS
Name (Active Moiety) Type Strength
Sodium Lactate (sodium lactate) Active 1.87 GRAM  In 100 MILLILITER
Water Inactive  
Product Characteristics
Color      Score     
Shape Size
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 0338-0129-03 500 mL (MILLILITER) In 1 BAG None
2 0338-0129-04 1000 mL (MILLILITER) In 1 BAG None

Revised: 05/2006 Baxter Healthcare Corporation



Source: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine


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