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Name:Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate And Potassium Chloride
Manufacturer:Paddock Laboratories, Inc.
Category:Prescription Marketed Drugs


Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution with Flavor Packs

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350, SODIUM CHLORIDE, SODIUM BICARBONATE AND POTASSIUM CHLORIDE - polyethylene glycol 3350 powder, for solution 
Paddock Laboratories, Inc.

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Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution with Flavor Packs

DESCRIPTION:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is a white powder for reconstitution containing 420 g polyethylene glycol 3350, 5.72 g sodium bicarbonate, 11.2 g sodium chloride, 1.48 g potassium chloride and one 1.5 g flavor pack (optional). When dissolved in water to a volume of 4 liters, Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is an isosmotic solution, for oral administration, having a pleasant mineral water taste. Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is administered orally or via nasogastric tube as a gastrointestinal lavage. Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution Flavor Packs are available in Cherry, Orange and Pineapple. This preparation can be used without the addition of a Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution Flavor Pack.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution induces a diarrhea which rapidly cleanses the bowel, usually within four hours. The osmotic activity of polyethylene glycol 3350 and the electrolyte concentration result in virtually no net absorption or excretion of ions or water. Accordingly, large volumes may be administered without significant changes in fluid or electrolyte balance.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is indicated for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy.

CONTRAINDICATIONS:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is contraindicated in patients known to be hypersensitive to any of the components. Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is contraindicated in patients with ileus, gastrointestinal obstruction, gastric retention, bowel perforation, toxic colitis or toxic megacolon.

WARNINGS:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution Flavor Packs are for use only in combination with the contents of the accompanying 4 liter container. No additional ingredients, e.g. flavorings, should be added to the solution. Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution should be used with caution in patients with severe ulcerative colitis. Use of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution in children younger than 2 years of age should be carefully monitored for occurrence of possible hypoglycemia, as this solution has no caloric substrate. Dehydration has been reported in 1 child and hypokalemia has been reported in 3 children.

PRECAUTIONS:

General:

Patients with impaired gag reflex, unconscious, or semiconscious patients, and patients prone to regurgitation or aspiration should be observed during the administration of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution, especially if it is administered via nasogastric tube. If a patient experiences severe bloating, distention or abdominal pain, administration should be slowed or temporarily discontinued until the symptoms abate. If gastrointestinal obstruction or perforation is suspected, appropriate studies should be performed to rule out these conditions before administration of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution.

Information for patients:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution produces a watery stool which cleanses the bowel before examination. Prepare the solution according to the instructions on the bottle. It is more palatable if chilled. For best results, no solid food should be consumed during the 3 to 4 hour period before drinking the solution, but in no case should solid foods be eaten within 2 hours of taking Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution.

Adults drink 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter. This usually requires at least 3 liters. Any unused portion should be discarded. Pediatric patients (aged 6 months or greater) drink 25 mL/kg/hour. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter. Any unused portion should be discarded. Rapid drinking of each portion is better than drinking small amounts continuously. The first bowel movement should occur approximately one hour after the start of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution administration. You may experience some abdominal bloating and distention before the bowels start to move. If severe discomfort or distention occur, stop drinking temporarily or drink each portion at longer intervals until these symptoms disappear.

Use of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution in children younger than 2 years of age should be carefully monitored for occurrence of possible hypoglycemia, as this solution has no caloric substrate. Dehydration has been reported in 1 child and hypokalemia has been reported in 3 children.

Drug Interactions:

Oral medication administered within one hour of the start of administration of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution may be flushed from the gastrointestinal tract and not absorbed.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

Carcinogenic and reproductive studies with animals have not been performed.

Pregnancy:

Category C.

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution. It is also not known whether Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Pediatric Use:

Safety and effectiveness of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution in pediatric patients aged 6 months and older is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled clinical trials of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution in adults with additional safety and efficacy data from published studies of similar formulations.

ADVERSE REACTIONS:

Nausea, abdominal fullness and bloating are the most common adverse reactions (occurring in up to 50% of patients) to administration of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution. Abdominal cramps, vomiting and anal irritation occur less frequently. These adverse reactions are transient and subside rapidly. Isolated cases of urticaria, rhinorrhea, dermatitis and (rarely) anaphylactic reaction have been reported which may represent allergic reactions.

Published literature contains isolated reports of serious adverse reactions following the administration of PEG-ELS products in patients over 60 years of age. These adverse events include upper GI bleeding from Mallory-Weiss Tear, esophageal perforation, asystole, sudden dyspnea with pulmonary edema, and "butterfly-like" infiltrate on chest X-ray after vomiting and aspirating PEG.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution is usually administered orally, but may be given via nasogastric tube to patients who are unwilling or unable to drink the solution. Ideally, the patient should fast for approximately three or four hours prior to Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution administration, but in no case should solid food be given for at least two hours before the solution is given.

Oral administration:

Adults: At a rate of 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes, until the rectal effluent is clear or 4 liters are consumed.

Pediatric Patients (aged 6 months or greater): At a rate of 25 mL/kg/hour, until the rectal effluent is clear. Rapid drinking of each portion is preferred to drinking small amounts continuously.

Nasogastric tube administration:

Adults: At a rate of 20-30 mL per minute (1.2-1.8 liters per hour).

Pediatric Patients (aged 6 months or greater): At a rate of 25 mL/kg/hour, until the rectal effluent is clear.

The first bowel movement should occur approximately one hour after the start of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution administration. Ingestion of 4 liters of Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution solution prior to gastrointestinal examination produces satisfactory preparation in over 95% of patients.

Various regimens have been used. One method is to schedule patients for examination in midmorning or later, allowing the patients three hours for drinking and an additional one hour period for complete bowel evacuation. Another method is to administer Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution on the evening before the examination.

Preparation of the solution:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution solution is prepared by filling the container to the 4 liter mark with water and shaking vigorously several times to insure that the ingredients are dissolved. Dissolution is facilitated by using lukewarm water. The solution is more palatable if chilled before administration. However, chilled solution is not recommended for infants. The reconstituted solution should be refrigerated and used within 48 hours. Discard any unused portion.

HOW SUPPLIED:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution with Flavor Packs is supplied in a disposable jug, in powdered form (white powder), for oral administration as a solution following reconstitution. Each jug has an attached package containing 3 flavor packs; one each 1.5 g: Cherry, Orange and Pineapple flavoring, in powdered form, for the addition of ONE pack by the pharmacist prior to dispensing.

Each jug contains:

Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution with Flavor Packs: polyethylene glycol 3350 420 g, sodium bicarbonate 5.72 g, sodium chloride 11.2 g, potassium chloride 1.48 g and flavoring ingredients 1.5 g (optional). When made up to 4 liters volume with water, the solution contains polyethylene glycol 3350 31.3 mmol/L, sodium 65 mmol/L, chloride 53 mmol/L, bicarbonate 17 mmol/L and potassium 5 mmol/L.

STORAGE:

Store in sealed container at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. When reconstituted, keep solution refrigerated. Use within 48 hours. Discard unused portion.

NDC 0574-0425-04

Paddock Laboratories, Inc.
Minneapolis, MN 55427
(01-09)

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350, SODIUM CHLORIDE, SODIUM BICARBONATE and POTASSIUM CHLORIDE for ORAL SOLUTION with FLAVOR PACKS INSTRUCTIONS

Instructions for Patient:

1
Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution Flavor Packs are available in Cherry, Orange, and Pineapple. This preparation can be used with or without the flavor packs. The pharmacist will add one Flavor Pack of your choice prior to dispensing (see packet instructions).
2
Add lukewarm drinking water to the fill mark (4 liters) on the bottle. Do not add any other ingredients, flavors, etc.
3
Cap bottle securely and shake vigorously several times to ensure that the ingredients are dissolved.
4
For best results, no solid food should be consumed for the 3 to 4 hour period before drinking the solution, but in no case should solid food be eaten within two hours of taking Polyethylene Glycol 3350, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Bicarbonate and Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution.
5
Adults drink one 8 ounce (240 mL) cup of the solution rapidly every 10 minutes. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter. This usually requires at least 3 liters. Pediatric Patients (aged 6 months or greater) drink at a rate of 25 mL/kg/hour. A loose watery bowel movement should result in approximately one hour. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter.

NOTE: The solution is more palatable if chilled in the refrigerator before drinking. However, chilled solution is not recommended for infants. Keep reconstituted solution refrigerated. Use within 48 hours. Discard unused portion.

NDC 0574-0425-04

Paddock Laboratories, Inc.
Minneapolis, MN 55427
(01-09)

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 4 Liter Bottle Label

FILL TO THE TOP OF THE LINE ON BOTTLE

NDC 0574-0425-04

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350, SODIUM
CHLORIDE, SODIUM BICARBONATE and
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE for ORAL SOLUTION

Rx ONLY
with Flavor Packs

TO PHARMACIST: Patient instructions are on base label. Discard
unused flavor packs. Package insert may be removed before
dispensing.

When reconstituted with water to a volume of 4 liters, this
solution contains polyethylene glycol 3350 31.3 mmol/L,
sodium 65 mmol/L, chloride 53 mmol/L, bicarbonate 17 mmol/L
and potassium 5 mmol/L

NET CONTENTS: EACH DISPOSABLE JUG CONTAINS,
IN POWDERED FORM, POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL
3350 420 G, SODIUM BICARBONATE 5.72 G, SODIUM
CHLORIDE 11.2 G, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 1.48 G

Paddock
Laboratories, Inc.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 4 Liter Bottle Label

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350, SODIUM CHLORIDE, SODIUM BICARBONATE AND POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 
polyethylene glycol 3350 powder, for solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0574-0425
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350 (POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350) POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350 420 g  in 4 L
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 1.48 g  in 4 L
SODIUM BICARBONATE 5.72 g  in 4 L
SODIUM CHLORIDE 11.2 g  in 4 L
Product Characteristics
Color      Score     
Shape Size
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 NDC:0574-0425-04 4 L in 1 JUG None

Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA079232 02/25/2010

Labeler - Paddock Laboratories, Inc. (086116803)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Paddock Laboratories, Inc. 086116803 MANUFACTURE

Revised: 03/2010 Paddock Laboratories, Inc.



Source: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine


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