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magnesium chloride injection
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Magnesium Chloride Injection is a sterile solution of Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate in Water for Injection q.s. Each mL contains Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate 200 mg, Sodium Chloride 9 mg, Benzyl Alcohol 1% as a preservative, Water for Injection, q.s. pH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid and/or Sodium Hydroxide. Total osmolarity equivalent to 2951 mOsm/L.
Contains 1.97 mEq of Mg++ and Cl- per mL.
The structural formula is MgCl2•6H2O
Magnesium is the second most plentiful cation within cellular fluids. It is an important activator of many enzyme systems and deficits are accompanied by a variety of functional disturbances.
Magnesium Chloride Injection should not be administered if there is renal impairment, marked myocardial disease or to comatose patients.
The usual precautions for parenteral administration should be observed. Administer with caution if flushing and sweating occurs. A preparation of a calcium salt should be readily available for intravenous injection to counteract potential serious signs of magnesium intoxication. As long as deep tendon reflexes are active it is probable that the patient will not develop respiratory paralysis. Respiration and blood pressure should be carefully observed during and after administration of Magnesium Chloride Injection.
Pregnancy Category C
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with magnesium chloride. It is also not known whether magnesium chloride can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Magnesium Chloride should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Flushing, sweating, sharply lowered blood pressure,hypothermia, stupor and ultimately respiratory depression.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
For intravenous infusion: 4 grams in 250 mL of 5%Dextrose Injection, at a rate not exceeding 3 mL per minute. Serum magnesium levels should serve as a guide to continued dosage.
USUAL DOSAGE RANGE
1 to 40 grams daily.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.
Magnesium Chloride Injection 200 mg/mL (20% w/v). 50 mL Multiple Dose Vial. Individually boxed.
Store at controlled room temperature 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).
Prepared: January 2000
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 200 mg/mL
50 mL Multiple
200 mg/mL (20% w/v)
FOR IV USE AFTER DILUTION
Each mL contains:
Total osmolarity equivalent to 2.951
Contains 1.97 mEq of Mg++ and
WARNING: DO NOT USE IF A
Store at controlled room temperature
See insert for full prescribing
Revised: 05/2007 Bioniche Pharma USA LLC
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine
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