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isosulfan blue injection, solution
FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE
1.1 Lymphatic Vessel Delineation
Isosulfan blue injection 1% upon subcutaneous administration, delineates lymphatic vessels draining the region of injection. It is an adjunct to lymphography in: primary and secondary lymphedema of the extremities; chyluria, chylous ascites or chylothorax; lymph node involvement by primary or secondary neoplasm; and lymph node response to therapeutic modalities.
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Isosulfan blue injection 1% is contraindicated in those individuals with known hypersensitivity to triphenylmethane or related compounds.
5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
5.1 Hypersensitivity Reactions
Life-threatening anaphylactic reactions (respiratory distress, shock, angioedema) have occurred after isosulfan blue injection 1% administration. Reactions are more likely to occur in patients with a history of bronchial asthma, allergies, drug reactions or previous reactions to triphenylmethane dyes. Monitor patients closely for at least 60 minutes after administration of isosulfan blue injection 1%. Trained personnel should be available to administer emergency care including resuscitation.
5.2 Precipitation of Isosulfan Blue Injection 1% by Lidocaine
The admixture of isosulfan blue injection 1% (with local anesthetics (i.e. lidocaine)) in the same syringe results in an immediate precipitation of 4 – 9% drug complex. Use a separate syringe to administer a local anesthetic.
5.3 Interference with Oxygen Saturation and Methemoglobin Measurements
Isosulfan blue injection 1% interferes with measurements of oxygen saturation in peripheral blood by pulse oximetry and can cause falsely low readings. The interference effect is maximal at 30 minutes and minimal generally by four hours after administration. Arterial blood gas analysis may be needed to verify decreased arterial partial pressure of oxygen.
Isosulfan blue injection 1% may also cause falsely elevated readings of methemoglobin by arterial blood gas analyzer. Therefore, co-oximetry may be needed to verify methemoglobin level.
6 ADVERSE REACTIONS
6.1 Postmarketing Experience
Hypersensitivity Reactions: Case series report an overall incidence of hypersensitivity reactions in approximately 2% of patients. Life-threatening anaphylactic reactions have occurred. Manifestations include respiratory distress, shock, angioedema, urticaria, pruritus. A death has been reported following administration of a similar compound employed to estimate the depth of a severe burn. Reactions are more likely to occur in patients with a personal or family history of bronchial asthma, significant allergies, drug reactions or previous reactions to triphenylmethane dyes [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].
Laboratory Tests: Isosulfan blue injection 1% interferes with measurements of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry and of methemoglobin by gas analyzer [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].
Skin: transient or long-term (tattooing) blue coloration.
8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
8.3 Nursing Mothers
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk.
Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when isosulfan blue injection 1% is administered to a nursing mother.
Do not exceed indicated recommended dosage as overdosage levels have not been identified for isosulfan blue injection 1%.
The chemical name of isosulfan blue injection 1% is N-[4- [[4-(diethylamino)phenyl] (2,5-disulfophenyl) methylene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene]-N-ethylethanaminium hydroxide, inner salt, sodium salt. Its structural formula is:
Isosulfan blue injection 1% is a sterile aqueous solution for subcutaneous administration. Phosphate buffer in sterile, pyrogen free water is added in sufficient quantity to yield a final pH of 6.8-7.4. Each mL of solution contains 10 mg isosulfan blue, 6.6 mg sodium monohydrogen phosphate and 2.7 mg potassium dihydrogen phosphate. The solution contains no preservative. Isosulfan blue injection 1% is a contrast agent for the delineation of lymphatic vessels.
12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Following subcutaneous administration, isosulfan blue injection 1% binds to serum proteins and is picked up by the lymphatic vessels. Thus, the lymphatic vessels are delineated by the blue dye.
13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of isosulfan blue injection 1%. Reproduction studies in animals have not been conducted and, therefore, it is unknown if a problem concerning mutagenesis or impairment of fertility in either males or females exists.
13.2 Teratogenic Effects
Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with isosulfan blue injection 1%. It is not known whether isosulfan blue injection 1% can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Isosulfan blue injection 1% should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
Isosulfan blue injection 1% is supplied as a 5 mL single use vial, 1% aqueous solution in a phosphate buffer prepared by appropriate manufacturing to be sterile and pyrogen-free.
NDC 67457-220-05 containing 6 × 5 mL single dose vials
17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
Inform patients that urine color may be blue for 24 hours following administration of isosulfan blue injection 1%.
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 50 mg/5 mL Vial Label
50 mg/5 mL
(for subcutaneous use only)
5 mL SINGLE USE VIAL
Revised: 06/2010 Bioniche Pharma USA LLC
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine
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