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Name:Cefazolin
Manufacturer:Cardinal Health
Category:Prescription Marketed Drugs


Cefazolin for Injection

CEFAZOLIN - cefazolin sodium injection, powder, for solution 
Cardinal Health

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Cefazolin for Injection

For Intravenous Administration
ADD-Vantage® Vial

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefazolin for Injection and other antibacterial drugs, Cefazolin for Injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.

DESCRIPTION

Cefazolin for Injection is a semi-synthetic cephalosporin for parenteral administration. It is the sodium salt of 3-{[(5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)thio]- methyl}-8-oxo-7-[2-(1H-tetrazol-1-yl)acetamido]-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]- oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid.

Structural Formula:

Cefazolin Structural Formula

Cefazolin for Injection is a white to yellowish powder.

Each ADD-Vantage® vial contains, cefazolin sodium equivalent 1 gram of cefazolin.

The sodium content per gram is 48 mg (2.1 mEq).

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Studies have shown that following intravenous administration of Cefazolin for Injection to normal volunteers, mean serum concentrations peaked at approximately 185 mcg/mL and were approximately 4 mcg/mL at 8 hours for a 1-gram dose.

The serum half-life for Cefazolin for Injection is approximately 1.8 hours following I.V. administration.

In a study (using normal volunteers) of constant intravenous infusion with dosages of 3.5 mg/kg for one hour (approximately 250 mg) and 1.5 mg/kg the next 2 hours (approximately 100 mg), Cefazolin for Injection produced a steady serum level at the third hour of approximately 28 mcg/mL.

Studies in patients hospitalized with infections indicate that Cefazolin for Injection produces mean peak serum levels approximately equivalent to those seen in normal volunteers.

Bile levels in patients without obstructive biliary disease can reach or exceed serum levels by up to five times; however, in patients with obstructive biliary disease, bile levels of Cefazolin for Injection are considerably lower than serum levels (<1 mcg/mL).

In synovial fluid, the level of Cefazolin for Injection becomes comparable to that reached in serum at about 4 hours after drug administration.

Studies of cord blood show prompt transfer of Cefazolin for Injection across the placenta. Cefazolin for Injection is present in very low concentrations in the milk of nursing mothers.

Cefazolin for Injection is excreted unchanged in the urine. In the first 6 hours approximately 60% of the drug is excreted in the urine and this increases to 70% to 80% within 24 hours.

In patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (2 L/hr.), Cefazolin for Injection produced mean serum levels of approximately 10 and 30 mcg/mL after 24 hours’ instillation of a dialyzing solution containing 50 mg/L and 150 mg/L, respectively. Mean peak levels were 29 mcg/mL (range 13 to 44 mcg/mL) with 50 mg/L (3 patients), and 72 mcg/mL (range 26 to 142 mcg/mL) with 150 mg/L (6 patients). Intraperitoneal administration of Cefazolin for Injection is usually well tolerated.

Controlled studies on adult normal volunteers, receiving 1 gram 4 times a day for 10 days, monitoring CBC, SGOT, SGPT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, BUN, creatinine and urinalysis, indicated no clinically significant changes attributed to Cefazolin for Injection.

Microbiology

In vitro tests demonstrate that the bactericidal action of cephalosporins results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. Cefazolin has been shown to be active against most strains of the following microorganisms both in vitro and in clinical infections as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section:

Aerobic Gram-positive Microorganisms:

Staphylococcus aureus (including penicillinase-producing strains) 

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes and other strains of Streptococci

NOTE: Methicillin-resistant staphylococci are uniformly resistant to cefazolin. Many Enterococcus strains are resistant to cefazolin.

Aerobic Gram-negative Microorganisms:

Escherichia coli

Haemophilus influenzae

Klebsiella species

Proteus mirabilis

NOTE: Most strains of indole positive Proteus (Proteus vulgaris), Enterobacter cloacae, Morganella morganii and Providencia rettgeri are resistant. Serratia, Pseudomonas, Mima and Herellea species are almost uniformly resistant to cefazolin.


Susceptibility Testing

Dilution Techniques

Quantitative methods are used to determine antimicrobial minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). These MICs provide estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. The MICs should be determined using a standardized procedure. Standardized procedures are based on a dilution method1 (broth) or equivalent with standardized inoculum concentrations and standardized concentrations of cefazolin powder.

The MIC values should be interpreted according to the following criteria:

For Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus spp.

MIC (mcg/mL) Interpretation
< 8 Susceptible (S)
16 Intermediate (I)
> 32 Resistant (R)

A report of “Susceptible” indicates that the pathogen is likely to be inhibited if the antimicrobial compound in the blood reaches the concentrations usually achievable. A report of “Intermediate” indicates that the result should be considered equivocal, and, if the microorganism is not fully susceptible to alternative, clinically feasible drugs, the test should be repeated. This category implies possible clinical applicability in body sites where the drug is physiologically concentrated or in situations where high dosage of drug can be used. This category also provides a buffer zone which prevents small uncontrolled technical factors from causing major discrepancies in interpretation. A report of “Resistant” indicates that the pathogen is not likely to be inhibited if the antimicrobial compound in the blood reaches the concentrations usually achievable; other therapy should be selected.

Standardized susceptibility test procedures require the use of laboratory control microorganisms to control the technical aspects of the laboratory procedures.

Standard cefazolin powder should provide the following MIC values:

Microorganism MIC (mcg/mL)
S. aureus ATCC 29213 0.25 to 1.0
E. coli ATCC 25922 1.0 to 4.0

Diffusion Techniques

Quantitative methods that require measurement of zone diameters also provide reproducible estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. One such standardized procedure2 requires the use of standardized inoculum concentrations. This procedure uses paper disks impregnated with 30-mcg cefazolin to test the susceptibility of microorganisms to cefazolin.


Reports from the laboratory providing results of the standard single-disk susceptibility test with a 30-mcg cefazolin disk should be interpreted according to the following criteria:

For Enterobacteriaceae using the 30-mcg cefazolin disk

Zone diameter (mm) Interpretation
> 18 Susceptible (S)
15 to 17 Intermediate (I)
< 14 Resistant (R)

For Staphylococcus spp. using the 30-mcg cefazolin or the 30-mcg cephalothin disks

Zone diameter (mm) Interpretation
> 18 Susceptible (S)
15 to 17 Intermediate (I)
< 14 Resistant (R)

Interpretation should be as stated above for results using dilution techniques.

Interpretation involves correlation of the diameter obtained in the disk test with the MIC for cefazolin. As with standardized dilution techniques, diffusion methods require the use of laboratory control microorganisms that are used to control the technical aspects of the laboratory procedures. For the diffusion technique, the 30-mcg cefazolin disk should provide the following zone diameters in this laboratory test quality control strain:

Microorganism Zone diameter (mm)
S. aureus ATCC 25923 29 to 35
E. coli ATCC 25922 23 to 29

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Cefazolin for Injection is indicated in the treatment of the following serious infections due to susceptible organisms:

Respiratory Tract Infections: Due to S. pneumoniae, Klebsiella species, H. influenzae, S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant), and group A beta-hemolytic streptococci.

Injectable benzathine penicillin is considered to be the drug of choice in treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever.

Cefazolin for Injection is effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx; however, data establishing the efficacy of Cefazolin for Injection in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever are not available at present.

Urinary Tract Infections: Due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and some strains of enterobacter and enterococci.

Skin and Skin Structure Infections: Due to S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant), group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, and other strains of streptococci.

Biliary Tract Infections: Due to E. coli, various strains of streptococci, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and S. aureus.

Bone and Joint Infections: Due to S. aureus.

Genital Infections: (i.e., prostatitis, epididymitis) due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and some strains of enterococci.

Septicemia: Due to S. pneumoniae, S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant), P. mirabilis, E. coli, and Klebsiella species.

Endocarditis: Due to S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant) and group A beta-hemolytic streptococci.

Perioperative Prophylaxis: The prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively may reduce the incidence of certain postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures which are classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated (e.g., vaginal hysterectomy, and cholecystectomy in high-risk patients such as those older than 70 years, with acute cholecystitis, obstructive jaundice, or common duct bile stones).

The perioperative use of Cefazolin for Injection may also be effective in surgical patients in whom infection at the operative site would present a serious risk (e.g., during open-heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty).

The prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection should usually be discontinued within a 24-hour period after the surgical procedure. In surgery where the occurrence of infection may be particularly devastating (e.g., open-heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty), the prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection may be continued for 3 to 5 days following the completion of surgery.

If there are signs of infection, specimens for cultures should be obtained for the identification of the causative organism so that appropriate therapy may be instituted.

(See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefazolin for Injection and other antibacterial drugs, Cefazolin for Injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION IS CONTRAINDICATED IN PATIENTS WITH KNOWN ALLERGY TO THE CEPHALOSPORIN GROUP OF ANTIBIOTICS.

WARNINGS

BEFORE THERAPY WITH CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION IS INSTITUTED, CAREFUL INQUIRY SHOULD BE MADE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE PATIENT HAS HAD PREVIOUS HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS TO CEFAZOLIN, CEPHALOSPORINS, PENICILLINS, OR OTHER DRUGS. IF THIS PRODUCT IS GIVEN TO PENICILLIN-SENSITIVE PATIENTS, CAUTION SHOULD BE EXERCISED BECAUSE CROSS-HYPERSENSITIVITY AMONG BETA-LACTAM ANTIBIOTICS HAS BEEN CLEARLY DOCUMENTED AND MAY OCCUR IN UP TO 10% OF PATIENTS WITH A HISTORY OF PENICILLIN ALLERGY. IF AN ALLERGIC REACTION TO CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION OCCURS, DISCONTINUE TREATMENT WITH THE DRUG. SERIOUS ACUTE HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS MAY REQUIRE TREATMENT WITH EPINEPHRINE AND OTHER EMERGENCY MEASURES, INCLUDING OXYGEN, IV FLUIDS, IV ANTIHISTAMINES, CORTICOSTEROIDS, PRESSOR AMINES, AND AIRWAY MANAGEMENT, AS CLINICALLY INDICATED.

Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including cefazolin, and may range in severity from mild to life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to consider this diagnosis in patients who present with diarrhea subsequent to the administration of antibacterial agents.

Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon and may permit overgrowth of clostridia. Studies indicate that a toxin produced by Clostridium difficile is a primary cause of “antibiotic-associated colitis.”

After the diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis has been established, therapeutic measures should be initiated. Mild cases of pseudomembranous colitis usually respond to drug discontinuation alone. In moderate to severe cases, consideration should be given to management with fluids and electrolytes, protein supplementation and treatment with an oral antibacterial drug clinically effective against C. difficile colitis.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Prolonged use of Cefazolin for Injection may result in the overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms. Careful clinical observation of the patient is essential.

When Cefazolin for Injection is administered to patients with low urinary output because of impaired renal function, lower daily dosage is required.

(See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

As with other beta-lactam antibiotics, seizures may occur if inappropriately high doses are administered to patients with impaired renal function.

(See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

Cefazolin for Injection, as with all cephalosporins, should be prescribed with caution in individuals with a history of gastrointestinal disease, particularly colitis.

Cephalosporins may be associated with a fall in prothrombin activity. Those at risk include patients with renal or hepatic impairment or poor nutritional state, as well as patients receiving a protracted course of antimicrobial therapy, and patients previously stabilized on anticoagulant therapy. Prothrombin time should be monitored in patients at risk and exogenous vitamin K administered as indicated.

Prescribing Cefazolin for Injection in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection or a prophylactic indication is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

Drug Interactions

Probenecid may decrease renal tubular secretion of cephalosporins when used concurrently, resulting in increased and more prolonged cephalosporin blood levels.


Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

A false positive reaction for glucose in the urine may occur with Benedict’s solution, Fehling’s solution or with Clinitest® tablets, but not with enzyme-based tests such as Clinistix®.

Positive direct and indirect antiglobulin (Coombs) tests have occurred; these may also occur in neonates whose mothers received cephalosporins before delivery.

Information for Patients

Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including Cefazolin for Injection, should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When Cefazolin for Injection is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may: (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment, and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by Cefazolin for Injection or other antibacterial drugs in the future.

Carcinogenesis/Mutagenesis

Mutagenicity studies and long-term studies in animals to determine the carcinogenic potential of Cefazolin for Injection have not been performed.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category B

Reproduction studies have been performed in rats, mice, and rabbits at doses up to 25 times the human dose and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to Cefazolin for Injection. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Labor and Delivery

When cefazolin has been administered prior to caesarean section, drug levels in cord blood have been approximately one quarter to one third of maternal drug levels. The drug appears to have no adverse effect on the fetus.

Nursing Mothers

Cefazolin for Injection is present in very low concentrations in the milk of nursing mothers. Caution should be exercised when Cefazolin for Injection is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness for use in premature infants and neonates have not been established. See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION for recommended dosage in pediatric patients older than 1 month.

Geriatric Use

Of the 920 subjects who received Cefazolin for Injection in clinical studies, 313 (34%) were 65 years and over, while 138 (15%) were 75 years and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and the younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function (see PRECAUTIONS: General and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following reactions have been reported:

Gastrointestinal: Diarrhea, oral candidiasis (oral thrush), vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps, anorexia, and pseudomembranous colitis. Onset of pseudomembranous colitis symptoms may occur during or after antibiotic treatment (see WARNINGS). Nausea and vomiting have been reported rarely.

Allergic: Anaphylaxis, eosinophilia, itching, drug fever, skin rash, Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Hematologic: Neutropenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocythemia.

Hepatic: Transient rise in SGOT, SGPT, and alkaline phosphatase levels has been observed. As with other cephalosporins, reports of hepatitis have been received.

Renal: As with other cephalosporins, reports of increased BUN and creatinine levels, as well as renal failure, have been received.

Local Reactions: Rare instances of phlebitis have been reported at site of injection.

Other Reactions: Genital and anal pruritus (including vulvar pruritus, genital moniliasis, and vaginitis).

Cephalosporin-class Adverse Reactions

In addition to the adverse reactions listed above that have been observed in patients treated with cefazolin, the following adverse reactions and altered laboratory tests have been reported for cephalosporin-class antibiotics:

Adverse reactions: Allergic reactions, urticaria, serum sickness-like reaction, erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis, colitis, renal dysfunction, toxic nephropathy, abdominal pain, reversible hyperactivity, hypertonia, hepatic dysfunction including cholestasis, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, hemorrhage, and superinfection.

Altered laboratory Tests: Prolonged prothrombin time, positive direct Coomb´s test, false-positive test for urinary glucose, elevated bilirubin, elevated LDH, increased creatinine, pancytopenia, and agranulocytosis.

Several cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures, particularly in patients with renal impairment when the dosage was not reduced (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION). If seizures associated with drug therapy occur, the drug should be dicontinued. Anticonvulsant therapy can be given if clinically indicated.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Note: Cefazolin for Injection in the ADD-Vantage® Vial is not intended for direct intravenous injection.

Usual Adult Dosage

*
In rare instances, doses of up to 12 grams of Cefazolin for Injection per day have been used.
Type of Infection Dose Frequency
Moderate to severe infections 500 mg to 1 gram every 6 to 8 hrs.
Mild infections caused by susceptible 250 mg to 500 mg every 8 hours
gram-positive cocci
Acute, uncomplicated urinary 1 gram every 12 hours
tract infections
Pneumococcal pneumonia 500 mg every 12 hours
Severe, life-threatening infections 1 gram to 1.5 grams every 6 hours
(e.g., endocarditis, septicemia)*

Perioperative Prophylactic Use

To prevent postoperative infection in contaminated or potentially contaminated surgery, recommended doses are:

a. 1 gram I.V. administered 1/2 hour to 1 hour prior to the start of surgery.

b. For lengthy operative procedures (e.g., 2 hours or more), 500 mg to 1 gram I.V. during surgery (administration modified depending on the duration of the operative procedure).

c. 500 mg to 1 gram I.V. every 6 to 8 hours for 24 hours postoperatively.

It is important that (1) the preoperative dose be given just (1/2 to 1 hour) prior to the start of surgery so that adequate antibiotic levels are present in the serum and tissues at the time of initial surgical incision; and (2) Cefazolin for Injection be administered, if necessary, at appropriate intervals during surgery to provide sufficient levels of the antibiotic at the anticipated moments of greatest exposure to infective organisms.

In surgery where the occurrence of infection may be particularly devastating (e.g., open-heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty), the prophylactic administration of Cefazolin for Injection may be continued for 3 to 5 days following the completion of surgery.

Dosage Adjustment for Patients with Reduced Renal Function

Cefazolin for Injection may be used in patients with reduced renal function with the following dosage adjustments: Patients with a creatinine clearance of 55 mL/min. or greater or a serum creatinine of 1.5 mg% or less can be given full doses. Patients with creatinine clearance rates of 35 to 54 mL/min. or serum creatinine of 1.6 to 3 mg% can also be given full doses but dosage should be restricted to at least 8 hour intervals. Patients with creatinine clearance rates of 11 to 34 mL/min. or serum creatinine of 3.1 to 4.5 mg% should be given 1/2 the usual dose every 12 hours. Patients with creatinine clearance rates of 10 mL/min. or less or serum creatinine of 4.6 mg% or greater should be given 1/2 the usual dose every 18 to 24 hours. All reduced dosage recommendations apply after an initial loading dose appropriate to the severity of the infection. Patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis: See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY.

Pediatric Dosage

In pediatric patients, a total daily dosage of 25 to 50 mg per kg (approximately 10 to 20 mg per pound) of body weight, divided into 3 or 4 equal doses, is effective for most mild to moderately severe infections. Total daily dosage may be increased to 100 mg per kg (45 mg per pound) of body weight for severe infections. Since safety for use in premature infants and in neonates has not been established, the use of Cefazolin for Injection in these patients is not recommended.

Pediatric Dosage Guide
Weight

25 mg/kg/day

Divided into 3 Doses

25 mg/kg/day

Divided into 4 Doses

Lbs Kg Approximate Single Dose mg/q8h Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of 125 mg/mL Approximate Single Dose mg/q6h Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of 125 mg/mL
10 4.5 40 mg 0.35 mL 30 mg 0.25 mL
20 9 75 mg 0.6 mL 55 mg 0.45 mL
30 13.6 115 mg 0.9 mL 85 mg 0.7 mL
40 18.1 150 mg 1.2 mL 115 mg 0.9 mL
50 22.7 190 mg 1.5 mL 140 mg 1.1 mL
Weight

50 mg/kg/day

Divided into 3 Doses

50 mg/kg/day

Divided into 4 Doses

Lbs Kg Approximate Single Dose mg/q8h Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of 225 mg/mL Approximate Single Dose mg/q6h Vol. (mL) needed with dilution of 225 mg/mL
10 4.5 75 mg 0.35 mL 55 mg 0.25 mL
20 9 150 mg 0.7 mL 110 mg 0.5 mL
30 13.6 225 mg 1 mL 170 mg 0.75 mL
40 18.1 300 mg 1.35 mL 225 mg 1 mL
50 22.7 375 mg 1.7 mL 285 mg 1.25 mL

In pediatric patients with mild to moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 70 to 40 mL/min.), 60 percent of the normal daily dose given in equally divided doses every 12 hours should be sufficient. In patients with moderate impairment creatinine clearance of 40 to 20 mL/min.), 25 percent of the normal daily dose given in equally divided doses every 12 hours should be adequate. Pediatric patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance of 20 to 5 mL/min.) may be given 10 percent of the normal daily dose every 24 hours. All dosage recommendations apply after an initial loading dose.

RECONSTITUTION

Preparation of Parenteral Solution

Parenteral drug products should be SHAKEN WELL when reconstituted, and inspected visually for particulate matter prior to administration. If particulate matter is evident in reconstituted fluids, the drug solutions should be discarded.

When reconstituted or diluted according to the instructions below, Cefazolin for Injection is stable for 24 hours at room temperature. Reconstituted solutions may range in color from pale yellow to yellow without a change in potency.

ADD-Vantage® Vials

ADD-Vantage® Vials of Cefazolin for Injection are to be reconstituted only with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection or 5% Dextrose Injection in the 50 mL or 100 mL ADD-Vantage® Flexible Diluent Containers or with 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection in the 50 mL ADD-Vantage® Flexible Diluent Container. Cefazolin for Injection supplied in single dose ADD-Vantage® Vials should prepared as directed below.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

To Open Diluent Container:

Peel overwrap at corner and remove solution container. Some opacity of the plastic due to moisture absorption during the sterilization process may be observed. This is normal and does not affect the solution quality or safety. The opacity will diminish gradually.


To Assemble Vial and Flexible Diluent Container:

(Use Aseptic Technique)

  1. Remove the protective covers from the top of the vial and the vial port on the diluent container as follows:
    a. To removethe breakaway vial cap, swing the pull ring over the top of the vial and pull down far enough to start the opening (see Figure 1), then pull straight up to remove the cap (see Figure 2).
    NOTE: Once the breakaway cap has been removed, do not access vial with syringe.

    Figure 1 and Figure 2

    b. To remove the vial port cover, grasp the tab on the pull ring, pull up to break the three tie strings, then pull back to remove the cover (see Figure 3).
  2. Screw the vial into the vial port until it will go no further. THE VIAL MUST BE SCREWED IN TIGHTLY TO ASSURE A SEAL. This occurs approximately 1/2 turn (180°) after the first audible click (see Figure 4). The clicking sound does not assure a seal; the vial must be turned as far as it will go.NOTE: Once vial is seated, do not attempt to remove (see Figure 4).
    NOTE: Once vial is seated, do not attempt to remove (see Figure 4).
  3. Recheck the vial to assure that it is tight by trying to turn it further in the direction of assembly.
  4. Label appropriately.
    Figure 3 and Figure 4

To Reconstitute the Drug:

  1. Squeeze the bottom of the diluent container gently to inflate the portion of the container surrounding the end of the drug vial.
  2. With the other hand, push the drug vial down into the container telescoping the walls of the container. Grasp the inner cap of the vial through the walls of the container (see Figure 5).
  3. Pull the inner cap from the drug vial (see Figure 6). Verify that the rubber stopper has been pulled out, allowing the drug and diluent to mix.
  4. Mix container contents thoroughly and use within the specified time.
    figure 5 and figure 6

Preparation for Administration:

(Use Aseptic Technique)

  1. Confirm the activation and admixture of vial contents.
  2. Check for leaks by squeezing container firmly. If leaks are found, discard unit as sterility may be impaired.
  3. Close flow control clamp of administration set.
  4. Remove cover from outlet port at bottom of container.
  5. Insert piercing pin of administration set into port with a twisting motion until the pin is firmly seated. NOTE: See full directions on administration set carton.
  6. Lift the free end of the hanger loop on the bottom of the vial, breaking the two tie strings. Bend the loop outward to lock it in the upright position, then suspend container from hanger.
  7. Squeeze and release drip chamber to establish proper fluid level in chamber.
  8. Open flow control clamp and clear air from set. Close clamp.
  9. Attach set to venipuncture device. If device is not indwelling, prime and make venipuncture.
  10. Regulate rate of administration with flow control clamp.

WARNING: Do not use flexible container in series connections.

Compatibility and Stability

Ordinarily ADD-Vantage® Vials should be reconstituted only when it is certain that the patient is ready to receive the drug. However, Cefazolin for Injection in ADD-Vantage® vials is stable for 24 hours at room temperature when reconstituted as directed (see RECONSTITUTION: ADD-Vantage® Vials and INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE).

(DO NOT REFRIGERATE OR FREEZE CEFAZOLIN SODIUM IN ADD-VANTAGE® VIALS.)

HOW SUPPLIED

Each ADD-Vantage® vial contains, cefazolin sodium equivalent 1 gram of cefazolin.

It is supplied in packages of 25 (NDC 0409-2585-01).

As with other cephalosporins, Cefazolin for Injection tends to darken depending on storage conditions; within the stated recommendations, however, product potency is not adversely affected.

Before reconstitution, protect from light and store at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F).

[See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

REFERENCES

  1. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, Method for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically - Fifth Edition. Approved Standard NCCLS Document M7-A4, Vol. 20, No. 2, NCCLS, Wayne, PA, January 2000.
  2. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Tests - Seventh Edition. Approved Standard NCCLS Document M2-A7, Vol. 20, No. 1, NCCLS, Wayne, PA, January 2000.

CLINITEST® is a registered trademark of Miles, Inc.

CLINISTIX® is a registered trademark of Bayer Corporation.

November 2009

EN-2318

Manufactured by Sandoz GmbH for Hospira Worldwide, Inc.,

Lake Forest, IL 60045, USA. Made in Kundl, Austria


Principal Display Panel

Cefazolin for Injection

1 Gram

5 x 1 Gram Single-Dose Add-Vantage® Vials

Bag Label

CEFAZOLIN 
cefazolin injection, powder, for solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:55154-3184(NDC:0409-2585)
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
CEFAZOLIN SODIUM (CEFAZOLIN) CEFAZOLIN SODIUM 1 g
Product Characteristics
Color      Score     
Shape Size
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 NDC:55154-3184-5 5 VIAL ( VIAL) in 1 BAG contains a VIAL
1 1 INJECTION, POWDER, FOR SOLUTION ( VIAL) in 1 VIAL This package is contained within the BAG (55154-3184-5)

Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA065345 05/09/2007

Labeler - Cardinal Health (188557102)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Cardinal Health 188557102 REPACK

Revised: 05/2011 Cardinal Health



Source: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine


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