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carbachol injection, solution
CARBASTAT® (Carbachol Intraocular Solution, USP) 0.01% is a sterile balanced salt solution of carbachol for intraocular injection. The active ingredient is represented by the structural formula:
Established name: Carbachol
Chemical name: Ethanaminium, 2-[(aminocarbonyl)oxy]-N,N,N -trimethyl-, chloride.
Each mL contains: Active: Carbachol 0.01%.
Inactive: Sodium chloride 0.64%, potassium chloride 0.075%, calcium chloride dihydrate 0.048%, magnesium chloride hexahydrate 0.03%, sodium acetate trihydrate 0.39%, sodium citrate dihydrate 0.17%, sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid to adjust pH (5.0-7.5) and water for injection USP.
Carbachol is a potent cholinergic (parasympathomimetic) agent which produces constriction of the iris and ciliary body resulting in reduction in intraocular pressure. The exact mechanism by which carbachol lowers intraocular pressure is not precisely known.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Intraocular use for obtaining miosis during surgery. In addition, Carbastat® (Carbachol Intraocular Solution USP) reduces the intensity of intraocular pressure elevation in the first 24 hours after cataract surgery.
Should not be used in those persons showing hypersensitivity to any of the components of this preparation.
For single-dose intraocular use only. Discard unused portion. Intraocular carbachol 0.01% should be used with caution in patients with acute cardiac failure, bronchial asthma, peptic ulcer, hyperthyroidism, G.I. spasm, urinary tract obstruction and Parkinson's disease.
Pregnancy: Category C.
There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Carbastat® should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
It is not known if this medication is excreted in breast milk. Exercise caution when administering to a nursing woman.
Corneal clouding, persistent bullous keratopathy, retinal detachment and postoperative iritis following cataract extraction have been reported.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Aseptically remove the sterile vial from the blister package by peeling the backing paper and dropping the vial onto a sterile tray. Withdraw the contents into a dry sterile syringe, and replace the needle with an atraumatic cannula prior to intraocular irrigation. No more than one-half milliliter should be gently instilled into the anterior chamber for the production of satisfactory miosis. It may be instilled before or after securing sutures. Miosis is usually maximal within two to five minutes after application.
CARBASTAT (Carbachol Intraocular Solution, USP) 0.01%
1.5 mL sterile glass vials in cartons of 12 (12 x 1.5 mL)
Store at controlled room temperature 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).
Manufactured by OMJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc.,
San Germán, P.R. 00683
for Novartis Ophthalmics
Duluth, GA 30097
Revised: 09/2006 Novartis Ophthalmics
Reproduced with permission of U.S. National Library of Medicine
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